Dry hopping. It's a tricky subject, when it comes to brewing records. Some brewers didn't bother to record it at all. Others did. One of those is William Younger.
Not only do the logs include details of the dry hops per brew, they also included a cut-out-and-keep guide to their dry-hopping regime. You can see it to the left.
The first bit gives the hops used:
1/2 Wurtg. '84
1/4 Amer. '84
1/4 Kent '84
Now I hate to keep banging on about this. But I'm, going to anyway. Look at the origin of the hops. The first looks like Württemberg. The second is America. As with most British breweries, by the second half of the 19th century a significant proportion of the hops were foreign. So would this persuade Younger to use fewer hops because of the expense? Bollocks. They were actually at an advantage, over many other breweries because Edinburgh is a port (well, Leith is, to be precise). It would be cheaper to get American hops to Edinburgh than to, say, Burton, because they could be delivered directly by sea.
The rest of the image shows number of ounces of hops per barrel added. In the case of the stronger beers, it was rather a lot. No.1 Ale, with a gravity of 1103 a nice session beer, led the way with a whole pound. P and XP, in case you're wondering, are Pale Ales.
This isn't the full list of Younger's beers of the period. Most of the shilling Ales are missing. For one simple reason. They weren't dry-hopped.
I really should try to get out more. All these log details. You'll be thinking I spend all my time looking through these things.
The Mexican Village of Coronado, CA - I’m adding one more menu from 1967 (courtesy the New York Public Library, www.nypl.org) in terms of the introduction of Mexican cuisine to a mainstream aud...
1 hour ago