"Arthur died in 1803. His success can be measured by the fact that he left a fortune of £23,000, made after a comparatively brief brewing career.
Arthur II and Benjamin took over the brewery, with Benjamin developing the export trade. In spite of his elevated position at the Bank of Ireland, Arthur II was not keen to pay too much beer duty to the British rulers. At the time, duty was paid on ingredients – malt and hops – not alcohol and Arthur hit upon a cunning plan: if he used a proportion of unmalted and therefore untaxed roasted barley, he could reduce his duty bill.
At a stroke, he improved the revenues of the brewery and, unintentionally, produced a new type of stout: darker and with a powerful character of burnt roasted grain. Purely as a tax dodge, Arthur II invented Dry Irish Stout, a style markedly different from the English versions of porter and stout."
"Black Magic" by Roger Protz.
See how many places you can find this tale repeated. Awesomely depressing.
We’re Stumped – Help! - [image: Carlsberg, Northampton. (Detail from 'Grey Day' by Sarah Horrigan, via Flickr, under Creative Commons.)] We’ve reached dead ends in various strands...
1 hour ago